Cognitive development refers to the development which include the process in which children explore themselves with their thoughts and perception and figure out the things in their life. Kids cognitive development includes the development in various aspects like knowledge, skills, problem solving and dispositions which help children to think and understand the surrounding and world involving around them.
Stages of cognitive development include the major 4 stages. They are: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational period.
Examples of cognitive skills- selective& divided attention, logical& reasoning, visual & auditory processing, working & long-term memory.
Major supplements that will help in the development of cognitive development are: fish oils, ginkgo biloba, creatine, phosphatidylserine, bacopa monnieri.
Ways in which you can help your child in development of cognitive skills-
- Ask various questions from your child regarding any common topic.
- Try to visit different interesting places with your child.
- Offer them different choices.
- Focus on the practical knowledge rather focusing on the theoretical knowledge.
- Help them in identifying the different noises and sounds.
Hence, from all the above aspects we can conclude that cognitive development is one of the important factors in concern with child development. The cognitive effect can be gained by training on certain factors focusing on the logical and reasoning. Also, by treating children with a proper diet having vitamin A and C. Make sure not to give them red meat, vegetable oil and cheese as these food can hamper cognitive development of the child.